I am a doctoral researcher in the History Department at the University of Warwick, researching social and legal reforms for Muslim women in late colonial India. My research interests include the history of modern South Asia, gender, sexuality and feminisms, nationalism, and the history of Islam in South Asia.
My project is provisionally titled: ‘The Problem of Polygamy in Modern India, 1880s-1940s’,
which explores the interlinking legal and cultural history of polygamy in modern South Asia. Building on my Master’s research, which explored social reforms for Indian women in late colonial India, this project highlights a problematic area of reform for Indian Muslim women. My research analyses the perceived ‘problem of polygamy’ alongside the discursive construction of the ‘polygamous Muslim male’, which saw the discursive inventions of ‘excessive husbands’ and ‘invisible wives’.
The issue of polygamy became something of a phenomenon in Muslim reform conversations, the women’s movement, and nationalist debates throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This research explores the many different versions of the kind of problem polygamy came to be for different groups in India.
Polygamy has remained a controversial issue in India, and the ‘problem of polygamy’ still holds contemporary relevance, as Muslim personal law has remained largely unchanged since its legislative enactment by the colonial government in the 1930s, raising questions of gender inequalities under personal laws, and contributing to ongoing discourses on the relevance of a uniform civil code for all cultural groups in India.
Through an examination of native texts and periodicals, missionary sources and government records, this research will demonstrate how individual bodily practices were seen as a linchpin for effecting greater social changes. Western notions of modernity, and normative sexual practices influenced Indian reformers to transform such bodily practices in the interests of what they hoped to achieve, not only in their objectives of a progression towards modernity, but in the context of nationalism and the diverse notions of national identity within it.
prominent figures involved in social and legal reforms for Muslims in late colonial India
PhD History, University of Warwick, 2016-2020
MA History, University of Warwick, 2014-2016 – Dissertation entitled: ‘Education and Evangelisation: The Missionary Affect in Indian Women’s Social Reform, 1800-1940’.
BA(hons) History (First Class), The Open University, 2010-2014
Scholarships and Awards
2016 – Departmental Doctoral Scholarship
2014 – Warwick Taught Masters Scholarship
2010 – The Open University Fee and Maintenance Grant
Conference Papers and Workshops
March 2019 – ‘Christianisation and Civilisation: Colonialist and Missionary Constructions of Indian Muslim Sexuality, 1860-1910’, The British Empire: Networks, Mobilities, Culture (Doctoral Workshop), University of Warwick.
July 2018 – ‘Wives Talk Back: Muslim Women’s Discourses on Polygamy and Marriage Reform in Early Twentieth Century India’, 25th European Conference on South Asian Studies (ECSAS), Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.
July 2017 – ‘The Problem of Polygamy among Women’s Groups and Muslim Male Reformers in Late Colonial North India, 1900-1940’, Sex, Gender, and Sexuality: Postgraduate Perspectives, University of Leicester.
June 2017 – Changing Landscapes of Gender In/equality: Theories, Policies and Mobilisations, Global Research Priorities, International Development Postgraduate Conference 2017, University of Warwick.
May 2017 – ‘Muslim Women and Legal Reform: Polygamy and ‘Gendered’ Rights under Personal Laws in Twentieth Century South Asia’, White Rose South Asia Network Inaugural Graduate Workshop, University of Leeds.
April 2017 – ‘Polygamy and Muslim Personal Law: The Legal Reform of Muslim Women’s Rights in Twentieth Century South Asia’, British Association of South Asian Studies Annual Conference 2017, University of Nottingham.
May 2016 – ‘Child Marriage and Female Education: Hindu and Muslim Women’s Social Reform in Late Colonial India, between the years 1885-1940’, University of Warwick History Postgraduate Conference 2016.
Skills in South Asian Languages
Hindi, Urdu, and Gujarati (reading and speaking).
Memberships and Academic Affiliations
Extra curricular Activities and Experience
Exam invigilation, University of Warwick, 2017
Student Staff Liason Committee Member, Student Representative, 2015-2016
History live guide (volunteer) at the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry, 2012-2013